The CIRPASS project came to an end by the end of March 2024.

We invite you to see the project’s final video to undertand better the work that was developed, as well as the achieved results.

The DPP for the Circular Economy Recommendations for policy business and IT V1.2

The objective of this study is to identify drivers, barriers, opportunities, challenges, and actionable recommendations for the successful implementation and delivery of Digital Product Passports (DPPs) within the scope of the Eco-design requirements for sustainable products (ESPR). This report details 10 drivers, 28 barriers, 32 opportunities, and 30 challenges, and offers 67 recommendations for policymakers, businesses, IT firms, and IT service providers

Exploring possible Digital Product Passport (DPP) use cases in battery, electronics and textile value chains

One of the main tasks of the CIRPASS project is to explore the benefits and barriers to the use of a Digital Product Passport by key actors along the value chain. To do this, we consulted over 40 stakeholders and qualitatively analyzed six DPP use cases linked to specific circular economy actions in the three priority sectors (Battery, Electronics and Textile). The exploration of the DPP use cases in circular economy activities of the three sectors has revealed a compelling potential to address persistent data challenges. This report summarizes our main findings which highlight the ability of the DPP to reduce information asymmetry and foster trust in second-hand markets and life-extension applications, as well as to increase the recovery rate of valuable materials and products at end of their life (or use). These findings advocate for large-scale piloting of DPP use cases to further quantify the benefits and enrich the repository of use cases. Finally, we also identified barriers to the deployment of the DPP, which are summarized in the form of actionable recommendations.

DPP System Architecture

This document describes the CIRPASS proposal for the DPP information system architecture, centred around the product identifier. It describes two parallel, yet interoperable architectures for the provision of DPPs based either  on HTTP URIs or on the use of decentralized identifiers (DIDs). These architectures are presented from both a structural viewpoint and a data flow viewpoint and are further validated against the requirements of the DPP system. This report aims no less than to provide a crucial brick to build the information system for the circular economy.

DPP User Stories V2.0

This document is an attempt to describe the future stakeholder interactions with the DPP system, based on the ESPR and Battery Regulation. The intent of the user stories is not to cover every theoretically possible situation, but rather to frame the overall process flows needed to perform the main activities in issuing, delivering, and consuming DPP data. The user stories were designed to bridge the gap between the intentions of the European regulators and the technical implementation and the ongoing standardisation activities by CEN/CENELEC JTC24. Their purpose is to support reasoning on how the future DPP system will need to function.

Cross-sector and sector-specific DPP roadmaps

This report presents both a cross-sector roadmap for the DPP system (summary) as well as sector-specific roadmaps for batteries, electronics and textiles. This version includes modifications following the public stakeholder consultation that was held from March 5, 2024 to March 15, 2024.

A study on DPP costs and benefits for SMEs

The objective of this study is to identify the potential costs and benefits, as well as the impact that the implementation of the DPP may have on Small and Medium-sized Enterprises (SMEs). The focus is on SMEs who may be faced with regulatory requirements for issuing DPPs for their products. This report further attempts to elucidate the upcoming role that DPP-as-a-Service providers will play in facilitating this uptake.

Identification schemes

This report proposes ten criteria for the evaluation of identification schemes extracted from relevant regulatory texts. It then proposes a framework for applying these criteria to identifiers for products, economic operators and facilities.  These frameworks are used to compare a number of existing identification schemes.

Deriving an initial set of information requirements to serve as a basis for future discussions

The purpose of this report is to define an initial set of information requirements for each of the three sector groups: batteries, electronics and textiles. This set is defined by mapping both mandatory information and information that is used in current DPP-related initiatives. This initial set is provided in order to initiate and structure upcoming discussions among CIRPASS consortium partners and facilitate the gathering of feedback from the largest possible number of external stakeholders.

Benchmark of existing DPP-oriented reference architectures

This document presents the outcomes of the benchmarking activity performed within WP3 of CIRPASS. The objective is to frame existing DPP-related initiatives and observe general macro-trends and existing gaps in view of the alignment with the ESPR Proposal goals. The deliverable is structured in three sections, focusing on (i) the presentation of the adopted classification methodology, (ii) the formalised presentation of a sub-set of existing DPP-related initiatives focusing on the IT architecture, (iii) the critical analysis of the entire set of mapped initiatives. Take-home messages and recommendations are summarised in the final section of D3.1 to be further considered within the future activities of CIRPASS.

Annex to the "Benchmark of existing DPP-oriented reference architectures"

This document is a supplementary Annex to the CIRPASS report “Benchmark of existing DPP reference architectures”. This Annex provides summary profiles, organised according to a common template, of initiatives that are related to the Digital Product Passport (DPP). It thus provides the European Commission and the DPP stakeholder community with an overview of potentially relevant services and products.

Last updated: March 2024 – v9 and final of the document.

NOTE:  Benchmark of existing DPP-oriented reference architectures –  Annex (v9) is be the final edition of this document.  

CIRPASS-2 will develop a DPP Stakeholder Exchange Forum platform, an online interactive cloud collaboration environment.  This platform will be crucial in the creation of a market for DPPs, providing visibility and transparency of DPP solution providers and DPP pilots. The platform will enable participants to showcase DPP innovations,  expertise, use cases, and services. This community building platform will be designed to facilitate clustering and the creation of meaningful connections between organisations. This forum will be used both to support project objectives and the general DPP stakeholder community, with particular emphasis on the involvement of SMEs.  This platform will be set-up and beta-tested over the first few months of CIRPASS-2 and then opened to the general DPP community.

Please stay tuned for updates on CIRPASS-2 and to learn more about the DPP Stakeholder Exchange Forum platform.